A large ceramic bowl with beautiful hand painted flowers in shades of pink, orange, and green with gold trim and two handles. The bowl measures 9 1/2" wide and 3 1/4" tall. The bottom is marked Hand Painted Nippon. There are factory glaze pops on the base of the bowl, slight rubbing to the gold trim around the rim, and no-show wear to the gold trim on the underside of the handles. Otherwise, the condition is excellent, with no major flaws.
The McKinley Tariff Act was passed by the United States Congress and enacted in 1890. This law required that all manufactured goods imported to the United States be marked with the country of origin. As "Nippon" was the Japanese word for the country of Japan, goods made there for import into the United States was marked "Nippon" to comply with the law. This stood in effect until 1921 when it was ruled that the country of origin needed to be in English, and thus from the period between the passage of the McKinley Act in 1890 and the new ruling in 1921, "Nippon" appeared in authentic marks. From 1921 on, any Japanese porcelain exported to the United States was marked "Japan" instead of "Nippon."